• Climbing
  • Different Types Of Climbing Technique

Different Types Of Climbing Technique

By Matt GerholdLast update: 2024-01-11

If the climbers are professional, most of them use less strength and instead use skills and techniques to get to the top using moves. If you want yourself to experience this kind of depth, you need to hone your technique and movement. Besides, to improve your skills professionally, you need to learn the principles of movement and balance to help you move more gently on cliffs.

As for the techniques for climbing, as long as you focus on the technique well, the moves will follow your movement from the climbing position to the routes. So below we will give some basic information about the types of climbing techniques you need to know such as how to use your feet? Or how to maintain balance,...

1. Climbing by feet

Different Types Of Climbing Technique

The first climbing technique that we want to mention because they are mostly very popular is the foot climbing technique. Some beginners are very difficult to do foot climbing because of fatigue and work. Why try to move up the cliffs?

On the other hand, first to assist with climbing like this, use a ladder instead of pulling the whole body, you need to step up, and use your arms and hands for balance. The same is true for mountain climbing. The main techniques for foot climbing are the use of edging and smearing.

For the edging, you can use the inner edges, where the big toe offers stability when the smaller grip is, or you can use the outer edge. Whether you use the inner or outer leg depends on which direction you need to move to initiate or exit hold.

Smearing is also the case you can wield when your feet have no actual foothold, mostly relying on the shoe's rubber to rub against the stone. They are useful for climbing, when you are on a low-angle rock that does not have a lot of fixed foothold. Therefore, you should look for small protrusions or protrusions to create more friction. Plus, we always remind you to find and come up with ways to come up with foot climbing.

Firstly, you should keep your feet right below you. Pay close attention around certain locations for better balance. Next look for the other leg closest to you as this will help you reduce the pressure on your arms. In addition, try to keep your heel low to make more contact with the wall. With a high heel, less rubber sits on the rock, reducing friction and the likelihood of being pushed off the wall when performing the next move.

2. Maintaining balances for climbing

Different Types Of Climbing Technique

A climbing technique that restricts you from getting tired of climbing a quarter of the way, in general climbing is quite intuitive because when you are on a route, it is imperative to move and drag in different directions. At the same time you have to use your body for balance.

Plus, if you are using an outside holder, you cannot pull it straight down. Therefore, you should find a force against that pull, so that you do not lose your balance and push away from the wall. In order to maintain overall balance, you begin to press your foot in the opposite direction of the pull to create reverse pressure. Then, you can pulls in the opposite direction by a hooked foot or other han. Besides, you should also lean as much as possible and use your body weight as a balance.

3. Climbing efficiently

Different Types Of Climbing Technique

After the technique of balancing from one part of the body, it is inevitable that limiting the use of less energy to the body is also obvious and easy to practice.

In general, the minimum way of using force to glue a mount is almost like balancing but they will need a lot more difference than you need straight bracelets. Arm straightening allows your skeleton to bear most of the weight, not muscles. Just flexing your elbow gives you a lot of help with this technique. Also, focus on the hips as beginners keep the hips perpendicular to the wall, providing a sense of stability, but from the action they push the weight off the wall and cause tension. straight to the muscles.

Trying to keep one hip pushed against the wall helps keep your weight on the leg and allows you to rest your back with your arms straight. On the other hand, leaning hips against the wall keeps the shoulders closer and changing the pulling angles tighter. Most of your weight is on your feet, reducing the chance of skin peeling.

In particular, the good climbers always look for support points for the next move.

4. Climbing moves

Climbing not only requires you to always have good equipment, but they require each of your techniques to be flexible and decisive.

Back step for climbing

Different Types Of Climbing Technique

In terms of back steps, one step back is the opposite of a normal step.

Alternatively, you can kick your feet with your big toe and hips perpendicular to the wall, then turn your hips to the side and step with the outer edge of the shoe.

After that, keep stepping back to help your hips close to the wall, helping to stretch your arms to reduce the force on your arms. Above all, these steps are useful to save energy on steep and overhanged roads.

Drop knee for climbing

Rock climbing moves to drop knees. They include a more cautious step back because they only work well when you have a standing position at hip height. Then step on it with the tip of your toes, then roll your knees in until the outside of the shoe is on the holder and your knees are facing down. Like stepping backwards, your knees drop to bring your hips close to the wall.

Stemming for climbing

Different Types Of Climbing Technique

They are known to oppose two opposing surfaces. It can be done in a chimney, or at an angle, even on a flat wall with a large overhang feature. And this technique helps to limit which combination of arms and legs is used, but uses reverse pressure for balance. Leaning mostly on large calf muscles. And they are an extremely effective way of climbing.

Flagging for climbing

Different Types Of Climbing Technique

This form uses counterbalancing using a limb to change weight. This will limit swaying away from the rock. It is beneficial to flag it when you use sections that are on the same side of the body. Since they also put all of your weight to one side, just swing that leg to the other side of the body for balance.

Lay backing for climbing

Different Types Of Climbing Technique

They mean when you pull and tilt away from one side of the crack, then push the leg to the other side. Once a firm point is determined, lying on your back is very effective because your arms are straight and your feet perform the difficult job. If you lack a footing, keep your heels low to maximize the amount of rubber attached to the stone. Besides, you can use the reverse technique when the bank is standing on a crack, or has an opposing wall to counter it.

Mantle for climbing

The movement of the mulch when climbing a mulch means you press down on a holder and raise your feet to touch your hands. To fix on a wall, just press down on an object to put weight on it, then simply move the legs to replace the arm. In short, mantles are used when you go up, needing to find a stable position to lift your legs up.

Undercling for climbing

An undercling climbing hold is any hold that you have your palms face-up. Unlike all other types of climbing holds, you will be pulling up instead of pulling down

Different Types Of Climbing Technique

The underbody moves when climbing a mountain, you can imagine them as the name suggests, this move is done when you get under the underside of the holder. Keeping the lower part is counterintuitive at first, because you are pulling up.

So to do this well, you need to find a good, high position so that you can maintain the tension of the body by pushing with your feet as you pull the grip. At the same time, keeping the feet high will place the hip-level hold and allow for a more straight arm hold. When done well, they help keep you afloat.

Side pull for climbing

This is a lateral force meaning they are oriented for one side pull. To perform well, balance the pull to that side by shifting your body weight or by applying the force back up. Almost the same as the lower part, though the side pull is uncomfortable because it has to be adjusted in reasonable directions. But once in place, you can use the surrounding holders, not just the ones above.

Palming for climbing

Different Types Of Climbing Technique

This action involves using your palms open to push against rocks. The gentle pat can help you maintain balance when repositioning your foot. And it allows you to put back pressure on the drum surface. And for climbing moves, finger-down strokes are especially helpful.


In addition to hike instructions and tools, it is also necessary to add more knowledge about the skills for climbing. Anyway, every decision is based on the terrain you want to join and what you choose.

"I'm Matt, love travelling, sports especially climbing. The more I climb, the more resilient I am, that's not only apply for my hobbies but also true for everything in my life. I'd love to be here, a part of Gearinstant to share my experience, guides, tips and especially any gears that work for you."

Related Articles