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Different Types Of Climbing Carabiners

By Matt GerholdLast update: 2024-04-11

The climbing carabiners are known to be a metal ring that has a spring loaded portal that opens and closes. Whether you tend to be active indoors or outdoor sports, its main purpose is to clip a water bottle to the outside of your backpack, or a key to a belt, a leash to a pet's neck. Moreover, they are also used for a much higher purpose because they allow climbers to perform many techniques while keeping themselves safe. In addition, they also support from cutting straw ropes, racks, to keeping falls.

Now, highly technically advanced, manufacturers can design and fabricate metal with high-intensity carabiners that can weigh as little as one ounce and with a variety of types of climbing carabiners. Specific purposes for climbing. First of all, choose climbing carabiners, you should look for how many types of the carabiner on the market:

1. Non load bearing accessory carabiners

There are many types of carabiners with many shapes such as hearts, animals… In particular, non load-bearing carabiners come in all shapes and sizes, some people often use them as key rings or zips. on the backpack. And they are not used for climbing.

Ice screw clips for climbing carabiner

Different Types Of Climbing Carabiners

This is a special type of non-load bearing carabiner. When you join ice climbing or mixed routes in winter, you need to bring ice screws to protect yourself. They are essential for securely holding sharp pieces of equipment on harnesses and at hand distances.

2. Normal climbing carabiner

Often these types have basic terminals with ports, but no gate locking mechanisms. Regular carabiners, also known as basic carabiners, are easier to handle than buckled carabiners, and are sometimes easy to open. Note in important cases cutting and opening will take precedence over security, so normal carabiners should be used in quick withdrawal or backup systems.

Wire gate carabiners

Different Types Of Climbing Carabiners

A lightweight, stainless steel wire loop for this type is used, reducing overall weight and limiting the use of auxiliary components. In terms of design they are allowed to open larger gates and are less likely to freeze when in cold environments. The lanyard sections do not appear strong, they also have a low mass of the gate itself, the wires are less likely to vibrate when opened.

Solid gate carabiners

Different Types Of Climbing Carabiners

Normal carabiners have straight gates aka standard or bent gates. Simple curved gates often cut the wire into the pipe quickly and gently guide the wire in. Straight gates should be used to cut into the bolt as they prevent the carabiner from getting caught in the bolt.

Carabiner nose design

Different Types Of Climbing Carabiners

The design of the carabiner nose often determines its durability as they are shaped to load vertically with the gate closed. And the strength of gate opening is less than half that when closed. Currently, there are two forms of carabiners nose design:

  • Large carabiners often have a hook nose that the rope gate catches on.
  • Ordinary carabiners are designed with a key locking system. Instead of a T-shaped hook, the key at the end of the sharpener is sharpened to correspond to the gate. Also carabiners port wire nose design. Mainly the notch and the design of the hook have points to note that devices such as slings, ropes or ropes are easily caught in the hook and prevent the carabiner from closing. In particular, when the carabiners have hook tips and notch design, it is easy to get caught in the bolt and they reduce the operation of the carabiner. So when cutting a carabiner with a notch, always check if it is closed and can't get stuck. Often the key locking system has a great advantage.

3. Locking climbing carabiner

Different Types Of Climbing Carabiners

Carabiners have a number of different locking mechanisms available. And often use buckled carabiners for ziplining, climbing slopes, climbing glaciers, and at construction belts. Featuring a less complicated opening mechanism that is also used for quick withdrawals or to provide extra protection.

Lock carabiners are divided into two groups:

  • Manual locking carabiners: there is a manual locking mechanism that you must actively close by hand.
  • Automatic locking carabiners: will close automatically and automatically close immediately after opening the gate.

Manual locking carabiners

Different Types Of Climbing Carabiners

When it comes to closing carabiners with a manual screw locking mechanism. Ribs as handling this slows them down with auto-locking carabiners. But they still have some characteristic advantages, if you have not closed the locking mechanism, you can use a manual locking carabiner.

Screw Gates for climbing carabiners

Different Types Of Climbing Carabiners

In general, to lock the screw gate, it is recommended to close the gate first and tighten the inner threaded sleeve, by screwing it up, by doing this they will lock the screw gate. It's also a good idea to double-check how the barrel is screwed on to make sure it's not over-tightened and can be opened.

In addition, the threaded sleeves should be checked as only then will you be able to operate the carabiner with one hand. Also, always check that the brake lines are running correctly on the rear bar of the carabiner. Auto-locking carabiners are better to use when climbing mountains and especially when climbing glaciers than a turntable.

Belay master carabiners

Different Types Of Climbing Carabiners

As a guard that additionally holds the door lock mechanism. The first thing to do, you should close the carabiner manually. When they are tightened, a large plastic guard is attached. Thanks to the guard, they can prevent the gate from being opened accidentally. Ideal for use by the belay master to climb glaciers.

Plus, the plastic guard also prevents the carabiner from twisting and keeping it in alignment, which helps prevent cross-loading, plus you can do the belay master with one hand but it takes practice every day. To open the gate, it is recommended to release the guard and then unlock the sleeve. In particular, Belay master is only used for tubular equipment and tubular equipment with brake assist.

4. Automatic locking gates carabiners

Different Types Of Climbing Carabiners

Automatic locking carabiners aka safelock carabiners or safebiners have a spring loaded gate mechanism that automatically turns off as soon as it is released. In particular, the internal springs ensure that the gates automatically lock and remain closed, allowing them to lock instantly. Otherwise, you need to fully unlock the gate before reopening the carabiner.

Twist-lock climbing carabiners

Different Types Of Climbing Carabiners

This type of carabiner requires you to open by rotating the sleeve about 90 degrees before opening the gate. It is advisable to practice continuously to know how to operate them. As with lead screws, be careful when using carabiners with twist-lock gates because if the wire is misplaced, it can accidentally open the gate.

Slider climbing carabiners

Different Types Of Climbing Carabiners

The slider gate locking system for carabiners which help you lock quickly and easily with one hand. They are very easy to unlock, usually use them in simple cases. Sliding carabiners are easy to handle and offer great safety because they do not have a threaded sleeve, so slider carabiners can also rotate freely, which can prevent the risk of getting caught in bolt or belt and blocking equipment cross-loading capabilities. In addition, carabiners have a lighter sliding gate locking mechanism.

Triple lock climbing carabiners

Different Types Of Climbing Carabiners

For a triple-lock carabiner, three separate operations are required to open the carabiner: push and twist and pull and twist. You first move the sleeve up (push) or down (pull), then twist it back to unlock and open the gate. This makes locking more secure, but requires regular practice.

Ball-lock climbing carabiners

Different Types Of Climbing Carabiners

It is a special triple-buckle carabiner. You should press the ball on the sleeve before you can rotate it. With this operation you can unlock the ball lock sleeve.

Safelock slider climbing carabiners

Different Types Of Climbing Carabiners

There are a number of carabiners that often incorporate sliding gate locks with an internal spring bar. As a result, they have up to two fully automatic locking mechanisms together. And it opens only when the spring bar is pushed up and the mechanism slides out. Besides, manually opening the spring bar or releasing the slider is not strong enough to open the gate. Usually these are very safe. Thanks to the spring bar, the carabiner holder cannot be cross-loaded and always stays in place.

However, some tubular belt devices for brake assist should not be used with this carabiner as they will become caught in the inner spring bar of the carabiner, preventing the brake assist function. Note, for this type it is difficult to open with one hand.


In general, the climbing carabiner is one of the important components to help connect the parts related to the can, making the climbing safer and most convenient. The market has a variety of not only sizes and designs, even types of climbing carabiner so it is easy for users to choose from. In addition, some information to understand clearly the constituent parts of the carabiners are mentioned above. So through that information, it will contribute to your shelf if you are a beginner, to better understand if you have fully experienced. Please click gearinstant to discover many new things.

"I'm Matt, love travelling, sports especially climbing. The more I climb, the more resilient I am, that's not only apply for my hobbies but also true for everything in my life. I'd love to be here, a part of Gearinstant to share my experience, guides, tips and especially any gears that work for you."

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